Medical certificates in aviation

An aero-medical examination is a decision concerning an applicant’s medical condition based on an assessment of the applicant’s medical records and an aero-medical examination and medical examination.

Medical certificate requirements

  • applicant for or holder of a light aircraft pilot license (LAPL) shall hold a medical certificate of at least LAPL class;
  • applicants for or holders of a private pilot license (PPL), a sailplane pilot license (SPL) or a balloon pilot license (BPL) shall hold at least a Class 2 medical certificate;
  • applicants for or holders of a commercial pilot license (CPL), co-pilot license (MPL) or line pilot license (ATPL) shall hold at least a Class 1 medical certificate;
  • the pilot student must hold the medical certificate required for the relevant license.

The Class 1 medical certificate contains the privileges and privileges associated with the Class 2 and LAPL medical certificates. The Class 2 medical certificate contains the privileges and privileges associated with the LAPL medical certificate.

Applicants for a medical certificate shall submit the following documents to the AeMC or AME:

  • identification document;
  • a signed application;
  • prior medical certificate in case of renewal or recovery of previous medical certificate held.

Validity of the certificate

The validity of the medical certificate is determined by the age of the applicant on the date of the medical examination.

Class 1 – Commercial passenger air transport in single pilot aircraft
until age 40 years  – 12 months
from age 40 years – 6 months

Class 1 – Other commercial aviation
until age 60 years – 12 months
from age 60 years – 6 months

Class 2
kuni 40. a – 60 kuud (kehtib kuni 42. sünnipäevani)
40.-49. a – 24 kuud (kehtib kuni 51. sünnipäevani)
alates 50. a – 12 kuud

Class LAPL
kuni 40. a – 60 kuud (kehtib kuni 42. sünnipäevani)
alates 40. a – 24 kuud

Deterioration of health

Under no circumstances may licence holders act within the limits of their rights if they:

  • are aware of any deterioration in their state of health which may prevent them from exercising their duties safely;
  • administer or use any medicinal product subject to medical prescription or over-the-counter which may interfere with the safe exercise of the duties according to the licence;
  • receive any medical, surgical or other treatment that may affect the exercise of the duties according to the licence.

Holders of a medical certificate shall seek aero-medical advice immediately and before exercising the privileges of the license if:

  • they have undergone surgery or an invasive procedure;
  • they have started taking any medicine regularly;
  • they have suffered any serious injury resulting in the inability to exercise their duties according to the licence;
  • they have suffered from any significant illness resulting in a failure to exercise their duties according to the licence;
  • they are pregnant;
  • they have been admitted to a hospital or clinic for inpatient treatment;
  • they need corrective lenses for the first time.

Holders of medical certificates should consult an aero-medical center or aero-medical examiner for advice on changes in medical status.

The aero-medical center or aero-medical examiner shall examine the medical condition of the holder of the medical certificate and decide whether he may continue to act within his privileges.

Information on health examiners can be found on the Estonian Transport Administration’s website: Health examiners


Right to communicate by radio

According to the current law, in order to communications by radio on the aeronautical frequencies between 118,000 and 137,000 MHz, a person must have an aviation radio communication license, which gives the right to communications in accordance with the conditions specified in the permit. The rules for radio communications on how to maintain radio communications on aeronautical flights have been established by a regulation of the Minister of Economic Affairs and Communications.

Depending on the course part of the pilot training is for the student to fly solo and in order to go on a solo flight student must also have a valid radio license. To obtain the radio license you must pass a radio qualification examination.

The parts of the radio qualification examination are:

  • “technical radio examination” means a written examination of the radio equipment of the aircraft, the basics of its operation and the most common interference;
  • “Radio Phraseology Examination” means an oral examination to demonstrate that the applicant is capable of conducting radio communications in both normal and emergency situations in accordance with the requirements for the holder of a permit to fly and is familiar with the relevant rules and phraseology.

The written exam is considered passed if the applicant has answered 75 percent of the questions correctly. The oral examination shall be deemed to have been passed if the examiner(s) have determined that the applicant is proficient in aeronautical radio phraseology.

In order to issue a radio communication license the completed form of the application for the radio communication license examination and the report must be submitted to the Aviation Operations Unit of the Mobility Management Service of the Transport Administration.

The application form and report for the radio communication qualification examination can be found at the following link: FORM


ICAO Language Proficiency Test

In accordance with ICAO Regulation 9835 and Directive 2006/23 / EC of the European Parliament and of the Council the English language proficiency of must be at the level required by ICAO for all internationally operating pilots and air traffic controllers for the operation of all international flights. The ICAO language proficiency test requirement applies in all ICAO Member States.

The exam tests listening and speaking skills. Six different aspects are assessed: pronunciation, use of language structures, vocabulary, fluency, comprehension and interaction.

The test can be performed from the following link: Aviation eLearning